How does women’s representation vary cross-nationally and over time?
Why is women’s representation important?
Based on data from iup.org
Advanced Industrial Democracies
Level of democratization
Effectiveness: one study found quotas increased women’s representation by 9%
Political socialization: how people are taught by society to think of their roles in public and private spheres
Desire to be at home
Family obligations increase cost of entry
Aversion to conflict
With reference to Krook and Norris, what is the most compelling explanation for variations in women’s representation? What is the best way forward in terms of boosting women’s representation?
With reference to Waylen, why is politics dominated by men in most countries? How does her explanation differ from that of Krook and Norris?
Which explanation/framework is more compelling?